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Open Access Éléments d'une diachronie grammaticographique et normative de l'adverbe français accompagnés de trois méthodes pour mesurer l'effet du discours normatif sur l'usage

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The paper analyses a corpus of metalinguistic texts (grammars, remarks) from the first grammar of French (Palsgrave 1972 [1530]) until today in order to retrace the metalinguistic perceptions and the prescriptive interventions in the domain of the French adverb. It is shown that adverbs ending in -ment and paraphrases were favored to the detriment of the old oral tradition of using short adverbs. In the second part, three methods are suggested for measuring the effect metalinguistic considerations and norms have on use. This innovative approach aims at bringing together the diachrony of grammaticography with the diachrony of use. In fact, a more objective approach is crucially needed in the domain of linguistic norm where speculation, polemic argumentation and ideology prevail.

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Language: French

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2018

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  • Romanische Forschungen is one of the oldest German academic journals dedicated to the study of the Romance languages, their literatures, and cultures from all periods. Its editors and editorial board emphasize the interrelatedness of linguistics and literary studies and encourage the submission of articles and reviews with a focus on the Romance world as a whole. Romanische Forschungen publishes in all the major Romance languages, German and English.

    Die Romanischen Forschungen sind eine der ältesten deutschen Fachzeitschriften. Ihr Gegenstand sind die romanischen Sprachen, Literaturen und Kulturen von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Herausgeber und Beirat pflegen die Verbindung von Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft und bevorzugen Beiträge und Rezensionen mit einer gesamtromanischen Fragestellung. Die Publikationssprachen sind außer allen romanischen Sprachen das Deutsche und Englische.
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