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The Educational Reforms of the 1990s in Sweden and Their Consequences in the End of the 2010s

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In the beginning of the 1990s, Sweden implemented educational reforms of the same type as in several other countries: privatisation, decentralisation and freedom of choice. The steering of the education system was changed from highly centralised and a very limited number of students in private schools to an extremely decentralised system and with an increasing number of private providers of education. The results almost 30 years later are not very encouraging. The most apparent feature is declining results in the international tests
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Keywords: PISA; academic achievement; decentralization; education reforms; globalization; ideology; secondary education in Sweden

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2020

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  • World Studies in Education is a bi-annual, refereed, international journal offering a global overview of significant international and comparative education research. Its focus is on educational reforms and policy affecting institutions in the global economy.
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