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Education and Community in the Asian Diaspora: The Struggle for Hindu Schools in Trinidad

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This article examines the struggle to develop Hindu schools in modern Trinidad. Resistance to these schools resulted from the colonial administration’s attempts to ensure a cheap agricultural labour force. An ideology of integration also militated against such schools during de-colonization. The Indians’ eventual success was a result of their political organizing and resourcefulness. However, battles over Hindu schools produced racial cleavages that persist today. Despite claims that the struggle for schools demonstrated Indians’ “race consciousness”, the motivating factor for the schools was Indian exclusion from the social and economic mainstream of society. Rather than being “disintegrative”, Hindu schools have been instrumental in modernizing Indians.
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Keywords: East Indians; Hindu; Trinidad; colonization; schooling

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Pennsylvania State University

Publication date: January 1, 2004

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  • Education and Society provides a forum, where teachers and scholars throughout the world, are able to evaluate current issues and problems in education and society from a balanced and comparative social, cultural and economic perspective.

    Education and Society, a fully refereed journal, is used by teachers, academics, research scholars, educational administrators and graduate students.
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