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What’s on Your Plate?: Correlating Subsidized Lunch and Proficiency on the Civics End-of-Course Assessment

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In this study, the authors correlate proficiency rates of seventh-grade civics students to free and reduced-priced (FRPL) lunch status during the 2015‐2016 school year at the school level, across all 348 Florida schools for which both statistics were applicable and available. The authors used simple linear regression to test the null hypothesis that the authors cannot predict seventh-grade civics EOC exam proficiency rates based on school-level FRPL rates. The regression will compare the percentage of seventh-grade civics students who achieved proficiency on the EOC assessments and their schools’ percentages of FRPL students. The authors found a correlation of very large effect size (R2 = .614) between percentage of FRPL students and percentage of proficient seventh-grade civics students. If FRPL status is accepted as a proxy for socioeconomic status, this implies that students from schools with lower socioeconomic status are much less likely to succeed on their seventh-grade civics EOC assessment, consistent with past research on academic achievement and socioeconomic status.
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Keywords: achievement; civics; end-of-course (EOC) assessments; poverty; social studies; socioeconomic status; standardized test scores

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2018

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  • Educational Practice and Theory is a bi-annual, independent, refereed journal which, since its launch in 1978, has become an important independent forum for original ideas in education. It publishes innovative and original research in the area. Its focus is both applied and theoretical and it seeks articles from a diverse range of themes and countries.
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