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Free Content Western North Pacific Integrated Physical-Biogeochemical Ocean Observation Experiment (INBOX): Part 3. Mesoscale variability of dissolved oxygen concentrations observed by multiple floats during S1-INBOX

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As part of the interdisciplinary project S1-INBOX (Western North Pacific Integrated Physical-Biogeochemical Ocean Observation Experiment conducted around the S1 biogeochemical mooring site), we used data from more than 18 floats and a biogeochemical mooring S1 (near 30° N, 145° E) to investigate temporal and spatial changes in the shallow oxygen maximum (SOM) associated with a mesoscale cyclonic eddy. On the northern edge of the cyclonic eddy, patches (linear dimensions of 20–40 km) with relatively high oxygen concentrations were observed around the SOM. The patterns of the oxygen concentrations reflected the fact that changes of the depths of the isopycnal surfaces were caused by small disturbances associated with the eddy structure along the eddy edge. The implication is that nutrient-rich water was supplied by upward isopycnal heaving at the edge of the eddy and contributed to the formation of the high-oxygen patches. As relatively high oxygen concentrations on the same isopycnal surfaces at greater depths were sometimes observed in the region downstream of the high-oxygen patches, we suggest that the patches were advected to the downstream region. The high-oxygen water seemed to extend into the eddy core from its edge. Ageostrophic secondary circulation around the edge of the eddy might have contributed to maintenance of the high oxygen concentrations in the eddy core, and these high oxygen concentrations may have been formed during spin-up of the eddy by heaving of isopycnal surfaces.

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Keywords: BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY; MESO-SCALE EDDY; OXYGEN CHANGES; SHALLOW OXYGEN MAXIMUM; SUBMESO-SCALE STRUCTURE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2016

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  • The Journal of Marine Research, one of the oldest journals in American marine science, publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. Biological studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. The editors strive always to serve authors and readers in the academic oceanographic community by publishing papers vital to the marine research in the long and rich tradition of the Sears Foundation for Marine Research. We welcome you to the Journal of Marine Research.
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