Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Free Content Influence of bottom topography on large-scale decadal basin modes

Download Article:
 Download
(PDF 11,203.4 kb)
 
The influence of bottom topography on the generic properties of the baroclinic basin modes is investigated through linear stability analysis of a two-layer shallow water ocean model. Various idealized bottom profiles imitating a mid-ocean ridge and continental slopes are analyzed in an extratropical β-plane closed basin. Only large-scale features are examined, the eddy effects being parametrized as turbulent eddy viscosity that allows the selection of large-scale eigenmodes. At coarse resolution, the largest-scale lowest-frequency baroclinic modes appear as the least damped modes. For scales much larger than the internal deformation radius, the damping rate is relatively independent of dissipation, the mode energy—mostly potential—being depleted by lateral dissipation work. The damping rate of the leading baroclinic mode is found to be weakly sensitive to bottom topography, while the decadal period is shortened by bottom undulations. The mechanism of modal decay is rationalized through energy and vorticity budgets for the barotropic and baroclinic components, to characterize the energy routes and conversions. For small amplitude topography, the barotropic flow results accurately from the interaction of the flat-bottomed baroclinic motion with the topographic height: it is found to be three times stronger within closed potential vorticity contours than with blocked contours. However, the conversion of energy from the baroclinic to the barotropic mode remains weaker than the frictional processes.
No References for this article.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Marine Research, one of the oldest journals in American marine science, publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. Biological studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. The editors strive always to serve authors and readers in the academic oceanographic community by publishing papers vital to the marine research in the long and rich tradition of the Sears Foundation for Marine Research. We welcome you to the Journal of Marine Research.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Purchase The Sea
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more