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Free Content Decadal changes in the Canary upwelling system as revealed by satellite observations: Their impact on productivity

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Satellite-derived sea-surface temperature (SST) data were used to study the variability of the Canary Upwelling Ecosystem-CUE (12 to 43N) over the last two decades of the 20th century. The analysis reveals well known patterns of climatology and seasonal variability in this upwelling system. In contrast to quasi-regular decadal oscillations of SST anomalies observed in the open ocean, the coastal variability during the 1980s–1990s was better described as a decadal scale shift of the upwelling regime intensity. The analysis of the upwelling index and coastal zonal gradient of SST showed that this shift occurred earlier (∼1992) in the northern part of the CUE (off western Iberia) and some years later (∼1995) off the northwest African coast. The long-term variability of upwelling-favorable wind forcing during the examined period provides reasonable explanations for the observed shift of the upwelling intensity and its timing for the whole CUE. Finally, changes in the productivity of several small pelagic fish species observed for the same period suggest that there was a response of the ecosystem to these changes.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2005

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  • The Journal of Marine Research, one of the oldest journals in American marine science, publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. Biological studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. The editors strive always to serve authors and readers in the academic oceanographic community by publishing papers vital to the marine research in the long and rich tradition of the Sears Foundation for Marine Research. We welcome you to the Journal of Marine Research.
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