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Free Content Active and passive processes associated with initial settlement and post-settlement dispersal of suspended meiobenthic copepods

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Settlement by suspended meiofaunal copepods into shallow depressions was investigated in a large, recirculating laboratory flume. Initial settlement was examined under various near-bottom flow regimes, and the interaction of flow with post-settlement behavior was investigated. Cylindrical depressions of constant depth were constructed with a range of aspect ratios (diameter and depth combinations) to mimic natural microtopographic features. Copepods were released into the flume (at nominal flows of 2, 5 and 7 cm sec−1), and settlement/ distribution in the mimic pits was observed. Four experiments were conducted using a total of five species. The first tested for copepod substrate preferences in still water. The second tested for passive settlement into azoic sediment using predictions, based on hydrodynamics, of the ability of depressions of different aspect ratios to act as passive collectors. The patterns of initial settlement of living, freeze-killed and bead-mimic meiofauna were compared. Algal-enriched sediment (to test for active habitat selection) was used in two experiments; one to test for active choice upon initial settlement and the other to test for active habitat selection via post-settlement dispersal into closely-paired pits. Although copepods were capable of active habitat selection in still water, no species tested was able to initially select the preferred habitat in moving water. Moreover, the same copepod species tested in moving water were generally deposited among depressions in the same manner as passive particles. Post-settlement behavior influenced copepod distribution at a low nominal current velocity (2 cm sec−1) as more individuals of both species located (and remained in) algal-enriched depressions after four hrs. Under high flow (8 cm sec−1), copepods were unable to select enriched over non-enriched depressions, either because they did not re-emerge from non-enriched pits or because shear velocity was too high to permit active habitat selection.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 1995

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  • The Journal of Marine Research, one of the oldest journals in American marine science, publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. Biological studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. The editors strive always to serve authors and readers in the academic oceanographic community by publishing papers vital to the marine research in the long and rich tradition of the Sears Foundation for Marine Research. We welcome you to the Journal of Marine Research.
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