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Free Content Evolution of the near-surface thermal structure in the western Indian Ocean during FGGE, 1979

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The evolution of mixed layer temperature (taken as sea-surface temperature, SST) in the western Indian Ocean north of 20S and west of 80E during the First GARP Global Experiment (FGGE), 1979 is described and modelled. The FGGE-year development in time and space of SST is compared to the appropriate climatology. FGGE events occurred in phase with climatology, but some amplitude anomalies were observed. Heat budget computations for the surface mixed layer indicate that over 25% of the region studied energy fluxes through the sea surface can account for 80% of the observed SST variance. South of the equator, 80% of the variance is accounted for in 36% of the area and north, only 11%. Exceptions are noted along the western boundary, in the central and eastern Arabian Sea, and in a band south of the equator between 6S and 12S, east of 60E. The addition of entrainment through the base of the mixed layer improves the heat budget estimates over most of the region, in particular, along the Arabian coast. Near the northern part of the coast of east Africa, however, inclusion of the effect of horizontal advection gives more improvement. The breakdown of the heat budget computations in the central and eastern Arabian Sea and in the band south of the equator is attributed to a small signal in SST variance and few data in the regions.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 1986

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  • The Journal of Marine Research, one of the oldest journals in American marine science, publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. Biological studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. The editors strive always to serve authors and readers in the academic oceanographic community by publishing papers vital to the marine research in the long and rich tradition of the Sears Foundation for Marine Research. We welcome you to the Journal of Marine Research.
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