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Open Access Evaluation of the integrated clinic model for HIV/AIDS services in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, 2013–2014

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Setting: Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Viet Nam.

Objective: To evaluate a new integrated service model for human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune-deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) care.

Design: In HCMC, co-located services, including voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT), HIV treatment at out-patient clinics (OPC), and methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) for persons who inject drugs, have operated under different administrative structures. In the context of decreasing international financial support, integration of these services into one administrative structure with reduced staff occurred in seven districts in HCMC between October 2013 and June 2014. We used a pre-post study design to compare service-related outcomes from routinely collected data at health facilities 6 months before and 6 months after integration.

Results: The proportion of HIV-infected persons linked from VCT to OPCs was unchanged or increased following integration. A higher percentage of patients eligible for antiretroviral therapy (ART) were started on ART. The proportion of ART patients lost to follow-up remained unchanged. The proportions of MMT patients who tested positive for heroin or other substances decreased or were unchanged.

Conclusions: VCT, OPC and MMT service delivery quality remained the same or improved during the 6 months following the integration. Expansion of the integrated model should be considered for HIV-related services.
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Keywords: antiretroviral treatment; human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune-deficiency syndrome; integrated care; methadone maintenance treatment

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Ho Chi Minh City Provincial AIDS Committee, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam 2: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Viet Nam Office, Hanoi, Viet Nam 3: Partnership for Health Advancement in Viet Nam Ho Chi Minh City Viet Nam 4: CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Publication date: December 21, 2016

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