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Open Access Pilot implementation of a contact tracing intervention for tuberculosis case detection in Kisumu County, Kenya

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Leveraging an existing community health strategy, a contact tracing intervention was piloted under routine programmatic conditions at three facilities in Kisumu County, Kenya. Data collected during a 6-month period were compared to existing programmatic data. After implementation of the intervention, we found enhanced programmatic contact tracing practices, noting an increase in the proportions of index cases traced, symptomatic contacts referred, referred contacts presenting to a facility for tuberculosis screening, and eligible contacts started on isoniazid preventive therapy. As contact tracing is scaled up, health ministries should consider the adoption of similar contact tracing interventions to improve contact tracing practices.
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Keywords: active case finding; community health volunteer; community health worker; contact investigation; sputum culture

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Division of Global HIV & Tuberculosis, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, Georgia, USA 2: Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu County, Kenya 3: Division of Leprosy, Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Ministry of Health, Kisumu County, Kenya 4: Division of TB Elimination, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Publication date: December 21, 2016

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  • Public Health Action (PHA), The Union's quarterly open access on-line journal, provides a platform for its mission 'Health solutions for the poor'. PHA addresses the need for show-casing operational research that addresses issues in health systems and services. It publishes high-quality scientific research that provides new knowledge to improve access, equity, quality and efficiency of health systems and services.

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