Clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of tuberculosis cases hospitalised in the intensive phase in Fiji
Objectives: To describe the demographic and clinical characteristics, comorbidities and final treatment outcomes of TB patients hospitalised for the intensive phase of treatment in Fiji.
Design: A retrospective, descriptive study of all TB cases hospitalised during the intensive phase over a 3-year period (2010-2012).
Result: A total of 395 TB hospitalised cases were included, of whom 61% were sputum smear-positive. The largest proportions of cases were among young adults (15-34 years) and the unemployed, respectively 43% and 71%. Diabetes (13%) and smoking (22%) were common comorbidities. Final anti-tuberculosis treatment outcomes were available for 96% of cases; 81% were cured or completed treatment. Default was more common in those with current employment. Death was the final treatment outcome in 4%, and was more common (11%) in the oldest group aged 55 years (OR 5.7, 95%CI 1.9-17).
Conclusion: This study provides original and comprehensive descriptive data on TB cases in Fiji and identifies characteristics associated with poor treatment outcomes.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: National Tuberculosis Program, Ministry of Health, Suva, Fiji 2: Centre for International Child Health, University of Melbourne and Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia , International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France
Publication date: September 21, 2014
Public Health Action (PHA), The Union's quarterly open access on-line journal, provides a platform for its mission 'Health solutions for the poor'. PHA addresses the need for show-casing operational research that addresses issues in health systems and services. It publishes high-quality scientific research that provides new knowledge to improve access, equity, quality and efficiency of health systems and services.
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
- Public Health Action
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites