Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Open Access Sputum smear conversion and treatment outcomes for tuberculosis patients with and without diabetes in Fiji

Download Article:
 Download
(PDF 105.6 kb)
 
Settings: Three tuberculosis (TB) treatment centres under the Fiji National Tuberculosis Programme.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) among TB patients for the period 2010–2012, and to evaluate sputum smear conversion and anti-tuberculosis treatment outcomes, comparing patients with and without DM.

Design: A retrospective descriptive study using routinely collected data from the TB register and in-patient folders.

Results: Of 577 TB patients identified, information on DM was available for 567 (98%), of whom 68 (12%) had DM. Smear status at 2 months was available for 254 (82%) patients with sputum smear-positive pulmonary TB. The sputum smear conversion rate (from positive to negative) was equivalent in TB patients with and without DM (78% vs. 80%, P = 0.66). Anti-tuberculosis treatment outcome information was available for 462 patients; the difference in outcome comparing successfully treated patients with those unsuccessfully treated was not statistically significant (91% in TB patients with DM vs. 84% in TB patients without DM, P = 0.06).

Conclusion: DM is common among TB patients in Fiji. Sputum smear conversion rates were not different in TB patients with and without DM; no difference in treatment success between the two groups was observed.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Fiji; diabetes mellitus; treatment outcomes; tuberculosis

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Fiji National University, Suva, Fiji 2: National Tuberculosis Programme, Fiji Ministry of Health, Suva, Fiji 3: Public Health Division, Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Nouméa, New Caledonia, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia

Publication date: September 21, 2014

More about this publication?
  • Public Health Action (PHA), The Union's quarterly open access on-line journal, provides a platform for its mission 'Health solutions for the poor'. PHA addresses the need for show-casing operational research that addresses issues in health systems and services. It publishes high-quality scientific research that provides new knowledge to improve access, equity, quality and efficiency of health systems and services.

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • Public Health Action
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more