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Open Access Nutritional status of HIV-infected women with tuberculosis in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

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SETTING: Tuberculosis (TB) treatment clinics in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

OBJECTIVE: To quantify anthropometrics and intake of energy and protein among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive women with TB.

DESIGN: HIV-positive women with newly diagnosed TB were assessed on their anthropometric characteristics and dietary intake. Energy and protein intake were determined using Tanzania food composition tables and compared with standard recommendations. Patients were re-evaluated after 4–6 months of anti-tuberculosis treatment.

RESULTS: Among 43 women, the baseline median CD4 count was 209 cells/l (range 8–721); 19 (44%) had a CD4 count of <200; 20 (47%) were on antiretroviral therapy. Body mass index was <18.5 kg/m2 in 25 (58%); the median food insecurity score was 6. The median level of kcal/day was 1693 (range 1290–2633) compared to an estimated need of 2658; the median deficit was 875 kcal (range 65–1278). The median level of protein/day was 42 g (range 27–67) compared to 77 g estimated need; the median protein deficit was 35 g (range 10–50). The median weight gain among 29 patients after 4–6 months was 6 kg.

CONCLUSION: HIV-positive women with TB have substantial 24-h deficits in energy and protein intake, report significant food insecurity and gain minimal weight on anti-tuberculosis treatment. Enhanced dietary education together with daily supplementation of 1000 kcal with 40 g protein may be required.
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Keywords: HIV; Tanzania; nutrition; tuberculosis; women

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 2: Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth and Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA

Publication date: September 21, 2013

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