Skip to main content

Factors influencing treatment outcomes in patients with isoniazid-resistant pulmonary TB

Buy Article:

$34.78 + tax (Refund Policy)

INTRODUCTION: Patients with isoniazid (H, INH) resistant pulmonary TB but undetected rifampicin (R, RIF) resistance are treated with a 6-month regimen of levofloxacin-RIF-ethambutol-pyrazinamide (6LvxREZ) under India´s National TB Elimination Programme (NTEP).

OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile of and treatment outcomes in patients with pulmonary INH-resistant (INHR) TB initiated on TB treatment, and identify factors associated with unfavourable treatment outcomes (died, failed, treatment changed, lost to follow-up).

METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of NTEP database (Ni-kshay) on pulmonary INHR TB patients initiated on treatment with “H mono/poly regimen” (6LvxREZ) between July 2019 and June 2020 with documented treatment outcomes. Proportions with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated and logistic regression analysis was performed.

RESULTS: Of the 11,519 patients with pulmonary INHR TB, 9,440 (82%) had treatment success (55.1% cured, 26.9% treatment completed). Unfavourable treatment outcome was observed in 1,901 (16.5%). Male sex, tobacco and alcohol use, HIV reactive status were associated with unfavourable treatment outcome. Patients with katG mutations and resistance to fluoroquinolones were likely to have poor treatment outcomes.

CONCLUSION: A levofloxacin-based regimen offers a treatment success rate of 82% in patients with pulmonary INHR TB. Sex-specific strategies, interventions to address smoking and alcohol use, focus on HIV-reactive patients and optimising treatment regimens based on drug susceptibility should be considered for improving treatment outcomes.

Keywords: drug resistance; fluoroquinolone regimen; unfavourable outcome

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Indian Council of Medical Research-National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India 2: Central TB Division, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi, India 3: Country Office, World Health Organisation, New Delhi, India

Publication date: November 1, 2022

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IJTLD) is for clinical research and epidemiological studies on lung health, including articles on TB, TB-HIV and respiratory diseases such as COVID-19, asthma, COPD, child lung health and the hazards of tobacco and air pollution. Individuals and institutes can subscribe to the IJTLD online or in print – simply email us at [email protected] for details.

    The IJTLD is dedicated to understanding lung disease and to the dissemination of knowledge leading to better lung health. To allow us to share scientific research as rapidly as possible, the IJTLD is fast-tracking the publication of certain articles as preprints prior to their publication. Read fast-track articles.

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • Public Health Action
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content