Skip to main content

Open Access Contributions of GeneXpert® to TB diagnosis in Myanmar

Download Article:
BACKGROUND: Xpert® MTB/RIF, a rapid, molecular TB diagnostic assay, can detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis and rifampin resistance directly from clinical sputum samples in <2 h with high sensitivity and specificity. The added diagnostic value of Xpert over smear microscopy at a national level in Myanmar has not been previously reported.

METHODS: We evaluated 339,358 Xpert and demographic records captured from January 2015 to December 2018 as part of the Myanmar National TB Program Data Utilization and Connectivity Project to examine the additional diagnostic yield of Xpert relative to smear for the detection of M. tuberculosis for TB diagnosis in Myanmar, with a focus on people living with HIV (PLHIV) and sample type.

RESULTS: Use of Xpert increased TB case detection by 40% compared to smear microscopy results. Among PLHIV, use of Xpert increased TB case detection by almost 100% compared to smear microscopy results.

CONCLUSION: Xpert testing identified more patients with TB than smear microscopy alone, particularly in cohorts with significant proportions of PLHIV. The use of Xpert as a screening tool in countries with a high burden of TB could lead to significantly increased diagnosis of TB at a regional and national level.

Keywords: Myanmar; Xpert; tuberculosis

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA 2: Clinton Health Access Initiative, Yangon, Myanmar 3: Ministry of Health and Sports, Naypyitaw, Myanmar 4: Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics, Geneva, Switzerland

Publication date: September 1, 2022

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IJTLD) is for clinical research and epidemiological studies on lung health, including articles on TB, TB-HIV and respiratory diseases such as COVID-19, asthma, COPD, child lung health and the hazards of tobacco and air pollution. Individuals and institutes can subscribe to the IJTLD online or in print – simply email us at [email protected] for details.

    The IJTLD is dedicated to understanding lung disease and to the dissemination of knowledge leading to better lung health. To allow us to share scientific research as rapidly as possible, the IJTLD is fast-tracking the publication of certain articles as preprints prior to their publication. Read fast-track articles.

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • Public Health Action
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content