Skip to main content

TB in the elderly: clinical features and outcomes

Buy Article:

$34.78 + tax (Refund Policy)

BACKGROUND: TB in low-incidence countries is characterised by changes in age distribution towards larger numbers of cases among the elderly.

OBJECTIVES: To investigate clinical features and outcomes of TB treatment in older patients and identify predictors of poor outcome.

METHODS: Multicentre retrospective study of new TB cases from 53 hospitals included in the registry of the Integrated Tuberculosis Research Programme of the Spanish Society of Pulmonology and Thoracic Surgery (Sociedad Española de Neumología y Cirugía Torácica) between 2006 and 2020.

RESULTS: We identified 731 patients aged ≥75 years from a cohort of 7,505 patients with TB. In the elderly, weight loss, disseminated disease and normal X-rays or infiltrates without cavitation were more common. All-cause mortality was 16% (5% of deaths due to TB). The elderly had higher rates of toxicity (6.7%) and hospital admissions (36%). In the multivariate analysis of predictors of TB mortality in ≥75-year-olds, only weight, age and treatment with non-standard regimens remained significant.

CONCLUSIONS: TB in older patients needs more attention and remains a challenge because of a lack of specific clinical and radiological features. Standard treatment is effective, although mortality is higher than in young patients. Low weight, non-standard regimens and age are significant predictors of TB mortality

Keywords: elderly; mortality; treatment outcome; tuberculosis

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Pneumology Service, Hospital Universitario Cruces, Biocruces-Bizkaia Health Research Institute, Barakaldo, Bizkaia, Spain 2: Integrated Tuberculosis Research Program (Spanish Society of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery, Bizkaia, Spain 3: Pneumology Service Hospital de Santa Marina Bilbao, Bizkaia, Spain 4: Pneumology Service, Hospital de Galdakao-Usansolo, Galdakao, Bizkaia, Spain 5: Pneumology Service Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocio, Sevilla, Spain 6: Hospital del Oriente de Asturias “Francisco Grande Covián, Castañera, Spain 7: Pneumology Service, Hospital Universitario San Agustin, Aviles, Spain

Publication date: September 1, 2022

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IJTLD) is for clinical research and epidemiological studies on lung health, including articles on TB, TB-HIV and respiratory diseases such as COVID-19, asthma, COPD, child lung health and the hazards of tobacco and air pollution. Individuals and institutes can subscribe to the IJTLD online or in print – simply email us at [email protected] for details.

    The IJTLD is dedicated to understanding lung disease and to the dissemination of knowledge leading to better lung health. To allow us to share scientific research as rapidly as possible, the IJTLD is fast-tracking the publication of certain articles as preprints prior to their publication. Read fast-track articles.

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • Public Health Action
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content