Density of tobacco advertising around schools
OBJECTIVE: >To assess the density of outdoor tobacco advertising around schools in Semarang City, Indonesia.
METHODS: We conducted geospatial analyses using buffer and hotspot analyses based on advertising and school data in ArcMap 10.6. We statistically tested the significance of different densities, including between 100 m and 100–300-m buffers from schools using Stata 15.1.
RESULTS: We found a total of 3453 tobacco advertisements, of which 3026 (87%) were at least medium in size (1.3 m x l.9 m), and 2556 (74%) were within 300 m of schools. We also found hotspots with a 45% higher density of adverts within 100 m of schools (compared to within 100–300 m). A total of 378 schools (39%) were in these advertising hotspots.
CONCLUSION: There was high density of outdoor tobacco advertising, with significant clusters in close proximity to schools in Semarang City. The policy implications of this are discussed.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Public Health Programme, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Dian Nuswantoro, Semarang, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 2: Public Health Programme, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Dian Nuswantoro, Semarang 3: Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia 4: Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 5: Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan 6: Centre for Health Economics and Policy Innovation, Imperial College Business School, London, UK
Publication date: July 1, 2020
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