Evaluating the use of educational videos to support the tuberculosis care cascade in remote Madagascar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of two comprehensive video training curricula in improving patient, community member, and community health worker knowledge of TB in a remote area of Madagascar.
DESIGN: A pre-test/post-test design was used to measure knowledge acquisition. Educational videos were short, culturally appropriate films presented at critical moments in the TB cascade of care.
RESULTS: Of the total 146 participants, 86 (58.9%) improved their score on the post-test, 50 (34.2%) obtained the same score, and 10 (6.8%) received a worse score. A statistically significant difference was observed between the pre- and post-test scores, wherein scores increased by a median of 10.0% (interquartile range 0.0–20.0) after viewing the videos (P < 0.001). There was a significant difference between the number of correct answers on the pre-test and the number of correct answers on the post-test (P < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: Educational videos were found to significantly improve TB knowledge among a low-literacy, remote population in Madagascar. Our findings suggest educational videos could be a powerful, low-cost, and sustainable tool to improve access to TB education materials globally.
Keywords: TB case finding; electronic health; health education; mobile health; rural health
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Institute for Global Health Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 2: Global Health Institute, Stony Brook University, New York, NY, USA, Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada 3: Global Health Institute, Stony Brook University, New York, NY, USA, Centre ValBio, Ifanadiana 4: Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo 5: Madagascar National Tuberculosis Control Program, Antananarivo, Madagascar 6: In Tune for Life, London, UK and Geneva, Switzerland 7: Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA 8: Global Health Institute, Stony Brook University, New York, NY, USA 9: Global Health Institute, Stony Brook University, New York, NY, USA, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland 10: Institute for Global Health Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
Publication date: January 1, 2020
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