Outcome definitions for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treated with shorter treatment regimens
METHODS: Criteria for ‘failure' and ‘cure' outcomes were assessed using data on 1006 patients enrolled in an observational study on the standardised 9–11 month shorter MDR-TB regimen in Africa.
RESULTS: Absence of conversion in the intensive phase, a WHO criteria for failure, was the worst performing criterion; reversion had low sensitivity and other criteria provided limited added value. Based on our study results, we propose new definitions for ‘treatment failure' as treatment termination or the permanent discontinuation of 2 anti-tuberculosis drugs due to 1) positive culture after 6 months of treatment (except for one isolated positive culture) or 2) at least two consecutive grade 2+ positive sputum smears after 6 months of treatment if culture is not available; and for ‘cure' as treatment completion without proof of failure AND two consecutive negative cultures taken 30 days apart, one of which should be after 6 months of treatment.
CONCLUSION: The proposed new definitions are applicable to shorter regimens in low- and middle-income countries, and should also work for the newly recommended longer regimens.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France 2: International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France, Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Wanfang Hospital, Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan 3: International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Mère et Enfant face aux Infections tropicales, Paris 5 University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France 4: International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France, Institut de Médecine Tropicale, Anvers, Belgium 5: Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute, University of Zurich, Zurich, Tuberculosis Consultant Services, Kirchlindach, Switzerland
Publication date: May 1, 2019
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on lung health world-wide.
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