Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Free Content High utility of active tuberculosis case finding in an Ethiopian prison

Download Article:
(PDF 178.3 kb)
SETTING: Hawassa Prison, Southern Region of Ethiopia.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the burden of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) using active case finding among prisoners.

DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, prisoners were screened for TB using a symptom screen. Those with cough of 2 weeks had spot and morning sputum samples collected for acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear microscopy and molecular diagnostic testing (Xpert® MTB/RIF).

RESULTS: Among 2068 prisoners, 372 (18%) had a positive cough screen. The median age of these 372 persons was 23 years, 97% were male and 63% were from urban areas. Among those with a positive symptom screen, 8 (2%) were AFB sputum smear-positive and 31 (8%) were Xpert-positive. The point prevalence of pulmonary TB at the prison was 1748 per 100 000 persons. In multivariate analysis, persons with cough >4 weeks were more likely to have TB (OR 3.34, 95%CI 1.54–7.23).

CONCLUSION: A high prevalence of TB was detected among inmates at a large Ethiopian prison. Active case finding using a cough symptom screen in combination with Xpert had high utility, and has the potential to interrupt transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in correctional facilities in low- and middle-income, high-burden countries.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Xpert MTB/RIF; active TB case finding; prison

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Hawassa University, Hawassa 2: Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa 3: Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Addis Ababa 4: REACH Ethiopia, Hawassa, Ethiopia, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK 5: Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Publication date: May 1, 2018

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on lung health world-wide.

    To share scientific research of immediate concern as rapidly as possible, The Union is fast-tracking the publication of certain articles from the IJTLD and publishing them on The Union website, prior to their publication in the Journal. Read fast-track articles.

    Certain IJTLD articles are also selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. These are available on the Union website.

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • Public Health Action
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more