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Free Content Vitamin D deficiency and risk of postpartum tuberculosis among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers in India

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Some studies have associated low vitamin D levels with the risk of tuberculosis (TB), but its association in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected mothers in a TB-endemic region has not been well studied. We conducted a nested 1:2 case-control study among HIV-infected mothers in western India to evaluate the association between maternal vitamin D levels and the risk of postpartum TB. Vitamin D insufficiency, moderate deficiency and severe deficiency were observed in a high proportion of HIV-infected mothers, but were not associated with the risk of postpartum TB.
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Keywords: HIV/AIDS; India; maternal health; pregnancy; tuberculosis; vitamin D deficiency

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: *Byramjee-Jeejeebhoy Medical College Clinical Trials Unit, Pune, India, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA 2: *Byramjee-Jeejeebhoy Medical College Clinical Trials Unit, Pune, India

Publication date: March 1, 2015

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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