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Free Content Change in serum CXCL10 levels during anti-tuberculosis treatment depends on vitamin D status [Short Communication]

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Serum levels of the inflammatory C-X-C motif chemokine 10 (CXCL10) are raised in tuberculosis (TB). CXCL10 gene expression is downregulated in monocytes by metabolically active vitamin D3 (1,25dihydroxy vitamin D). Stratification of patients by serum 25hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels at baseline showed that treatment-induced decrease in CXCL10 occurred in those with ‘insufficient' and ‘deficient' but not in those with ‘optimal' levels. In the deficient group, 25(OH)D showed an inverse correlation with CXCL10 levels. CXCL10 may thus be a useful biomarker for the follow-up of response to treatment. However, CXCL10 levels should be interpreted taking into account the baseline serum vitamin D levels of the TB patients.
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Keywords: CXCL10; biomarker; tuberculosis; vitamin D

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Pathology and Microbiology, the Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan 2: Department of Medicine, the Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan 3: Ojha Institute for Chest Diseases, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan 4: Department of Medicine, the Aga Khan University, Karachi, pakistan

Publication date: April 1, 2014

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on lung health world-wide.

    To share scientific research of immediate concern as rapidly as possible, The Union is fast-tracking the publication of certain articles from the IJTLD and publishing them on The Union website, prior to their publication in the Journal. Read fast-track articles.

    Certain IJTLD articles are also selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. These are available on the Union website.

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