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Free Content A rapid assessment of prevailing policies on tuberculosis contact investigation

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Contact investigation contributes to improving early case detection of tuberculosis (TB). However, its implementation in low-income, high TB burden countries remains limited. A multicountry survey of contact investigation policies was conducted to evaluate the extent of their implementation. Our results showed significant heterogeneity in definitions and procedures, with over 25% of countries unable to provide a clear definition of a contact. Estimates indicate that routine implementation of contact investigation policies globally could help detection of over a quarter of a million cases. International guidelines should be developed to support national TB programmes to initiate and scale up systematic TB contact investigation.
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Keywords: GUIDELINES; POLICY; TB CONTACT INVESTIGATION; TB CONTROL; TUBERCULOSIS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA 2: Stop TB Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Publication date: December 1, 2011

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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