SETTING: Phnom Penh, Cambodia. OBJECTIVES: 1) To monitor the number of tuberculosis (TB) patients undergoing human immunodeficiency (HIV) testing during TB treatment and trends of referral of TB-HIV patients to HIV services following the appointment of TB-HIV coordinators in TB wards,
and 2) to investigate factors that influence undesirable TB treatment outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study based on a review of patient records and interviews with programme staff. RESULTS: Eighty-six per cent of newly registered TB patients underwent HIV testing. Most of the
TB-HIV patients were referred to HIV services. Using logistic regression analysis, the risk of an undesirable treatment outcome in extra-pulmonary TB was significantly lower than in smear-positive pulmonary TB. Interviews revealed that patients in poor clinical condition at the start of TB
treatment or who faced social problems, such as homelessness or foreign nationality, were at considerable risk for undesirable TB treatment outcomes. CONCLUSION: The appointment of TB-HIV coordinators to TB wards resulted in better HIV testing uptake and referral to HIV care and treatment
services. To save TB-HIV patients' lives, it is important to continue this kind of study over a longer term to monitor these activities and to identify high-risk patients.
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HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS;
Document Type: Research Article
The Research Institute of Tuberculosis, Tokyo, Japan
National Center for Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control (CENAT), Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Department of Public Health, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi-ken, Japan
Publication date: November 1, 2011
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