Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Free Content Gender and socio-cultural determinants of TB-related stigma in Bangladesh, India, Malawi and Colombia [Special section on gender and TB]

Download Article:
(PDF 374.5 kb)
SETTING: Tuberculosis (TB) control programmes in Bangladesh, India, Malawi and Colombia.

OBJECTIVE: Assess indicators of TB-related stigma and socio-cultural and gender-related features of illness associated with stigma.

DESIGN: Semi-structured Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue (EMIC) interviews were administered to 100 or more patients at each site, assessing categories of distress, perceived causes and help seeking. Indicators of self-perceived stigma were analysed individually and in a validated index, which was compared across sites and between men and women at each site. Cultural epidemiological explanatory variables for stigma and interactions with female sex were analysed at each site. Qualitative illness narratives were examined to explain the role and context of explanatory variables.

RESULTS: The overall stigma index was highest in India, lowest in Malawi and greater for women in Bangladesh. In India and Malawi, women were more likely to be concerned about impact on marital prospects. Associations with HIV/AIDS were linked to TB stigma in Malawi, where sexual contact as a perceived cause was more associated with stigma for men and less for women.

CONCLUSION: Stigma both influences and indicates the effectiveness of TB control. Cultural epidemiological methods clarify cross-cutting and local features of stigma and gender for TB control.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: DOTS treatment; cultural epidemiology; gender; stigma; tuberculosis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland 2: Tuberculosis Research Centre, Chennai, India 3: Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC) Research and Evaluation Division, Dhaka, Bangladesh 4: Equi-TB Knowledge Programme, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK 5: Centro Internacional de Entrenamiento e Investigaciones Medicas, Cali, Colombia

Publication date: July 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • Public Health Action
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more