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Open Access The Effects of Introgression of the Submergence1 Allele Into Rice Cultivar Ir64 on Post-harvest Seed Dormancy and Longevity

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Introgressing the Submergence1 (Sub1) allele into chromosome 9 of high-yielding rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars introduced the flood-tolerant trait, but this chromosome also includes quantitative trait loci for seed storage survival. Loss in seed dormancy and viability during post-harvest storage were investigated in rice cultivars 'IR64' and 'IR64-Sub1' to test if the introgression of Sub1 affected seed longevity. They were grown in the same controlled environment, mature seeds harvested and ability to germinate monitored during subsequent hermetic storage at 40°C with 13.5-13.9% moisture content. The overlapping patterns of loss in dormancy and loss in viability during storage were quantified well by a multiplicative model, with similar responses in the two near-isogenic cultivars: both showed almost full dormancy initially with complete, similar, loss in dormancy during the first seven days of storage, loss in viability after 43 days and 50% viability periods (p 50) of 26.4-28.1 days. Hence, introgression of the submergence-tolerant allele Sub1A-1 in rice cv. 'IR64' did not affect seed dormancy or survival after harvest substantially, but duration to flowering was nine days longer and seed yield also greater in cv. 'IR64-Sub1'.

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Keywords: DORMANCY; GERMINATION; LONGEVITY; ORYZA SATIVA L; RICE; SEED; SUB1

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2019

This article was made available online on March 28, 2019 as a Fast Track article with title: "The effects of introgression of the Submergence1 allele into rice cultivar IR64 on post-harvest seed dormancy and longevity".

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  • Seed Science and Technology (SST) is one of the leading international journals featuring original papers and review articles on seed quality and physiology as related to seed production, harvest, processing, sampling, storage, distribution and testing. This widely recognised journal is designed to meet the needs of researchers, advisers and all those involved in the improvement and technical control of seed quality.
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