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Open Access Rice pathogens intercepted on seeds originating from 11 African countries and from the USA

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1,916 rice seed samples from 11 African countries and the USA were tested for the presence of pathogenic microorganisms or those affecting seed quality. Bacillus spp., Pantoea spp., Sphingomonas sp. and the fungi Acremoniella sp., Alternaria sp., Aspergillus flavus, A. fumigatus, A. niger, Chaetomium sp., Curvularia sp., Fusarium oxysporum, F. solani, Fusarium sp., Helminthosporium sp., Microdochium oryzae, Nigrospora oryzae, Penicillium sp., Pestalotia sp., Phoma sp., Magnaporthe oryzae, Rhizopus sp., Sarocladium sp. and Tilletia barclayana were isolated. The highest incidence values were obtained with Curvularia sp., Microdochium oryzae, A. flavus, F. solani and Nigropora sp. In contrast, these fungi were not isolated from seeds of many countries with Togo having the least affected seeds (nine out of the 24 potential organisms diagnosed). The highest frequencies of these organisms were found on seed samples from Benin (20/22), Burundi and Tanzania (19/24), and Senegal (18/24). Across countries, A. flavus, A. fumigatus, Curvularia sp., F. solani, Nigropora sp., Rhizopus sp. and Microdochium oryzae were the most frequently isolated organisms. Concerning the major diseases, blast was diagnosed only once despite the high number of samples tested.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2018

This article was made available online on December 14, 2017 as a Fast Track article with title: "Rice pathogens intercepted on seeds originating from 11 African countries and from the USA".

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  • Seed Science and Technology (SST) is one of the leading international journals featuring original papers and review articles on seed quality and physiology as related to seed production, harvest, processing, sampling, storage, distribution and testing. This widely recognised journal is designed to meet the needs of researchers, advisers and all those involved in the improvement and technical control of seed quality.
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