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Front Side Metallization Issues of a Solar Cell with Ink-jet Printing

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The metallization of a multi-crystalline silicon solar cell has been challenged because the thickness reduction of a solar cell wafer decreases the breaking force of a solar cell wafer. Therefore, ink-jet printing has drawn attention of researchers in the art in place of conventional screen printing which requires the direct contact with a solar cell wafer to transfer silver paste. In this study, a preliminary study for the front side metallization of a solar cell wafer with ink-jet printing was conducted. Firstly, multicrystalline silicon solar cell wafers, the size of which is 156 mm by 156 mm, were coated with a 0.2 wt% fluorocarbon solution. After laser-patterning to selectively remove the SiNx layer and prepare for the surface energy patterned finger electrode regions, silver nanoparticulate ink was delivered with a piezo Drop-On-Demand ink-jet print head and baked at the peak temperature of 830 °C after drying at 100 °C. The measured cell efficiency of an ink-jet metallized solar cell was about 12.1% and the cause of the low cell efficiency is addressed here.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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