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Quantifying Fringing in Digital Silver Halide Writing

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In the process of producing a hard copy print of a digital file using digital writing technology, whether the marking engine makes an exposure (light or thermal) or a physical mark (dye/pigment transfer, mechanical energy), the printed image may not be a perfect rendering of the original digital file. For example, the target file may include a straight line; however, the printed line may show extraneous features, artifacts, in addition to the intended line. The underlying mechanism responsible for extraneous features in digitally written images are different for the various output technologies used to make the hard copy print. In some thermal systems, the symptom is “thermal smear”; in some inkjet systems, the symptom is “bleeding” or “feathering”; in electrophotography, the symptom may be “toner sprays”; and, in digital AgX, one such symptom is “fringing.” All of these symptoms have one characteristic in common: the edges migrate relative to the original digital image. We will examine factors that may affect line broadening in different imaging systems and show ISO 13660 line blur as a metric to quantify this phenomenon.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2003

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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