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A Novel High Field Electrophoretic Cell for Characterisation of Concentrated Liquid Toners

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It is well known that the electrical properties of liquid toners used in electrophotography significantly influence the quality of printed images. Electrophoresis, being the main driving force in liquid immersion development processes (LID), has been extensively studied by researchers elsewhere. The most important electrical characteristics of conventional liquid toners used in LID are conductivity, electrophoretic mobility and charge to mass ratio. Although the physical origins of these parameters in liquid toners are well understood, methods and commercial equipment available for measuring these properties are limited. The majority of methods that have been developed, suit toners of low viscosity and low solid content. In the past decade, there has been increasing attention to new liquid toners with higher solid content and increased viscosity. These toners are opaque and therefore, the traditional optical methods for measuring particle transient time in low concentration dispersions are unsuitable for these highly concentrated liquid toners. This paper will introduce a new method of measuring the electrical properties of liquid toners and will discuss its potential application in liquid electrophotography.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2003

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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