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The Effect of Texture on Perceived Memory Color Quality

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Abstract

We learn the color of objects and scenes through our experience in everyday life. The colors of things that we see more frequently are defined as memory colors. These help us communicate, identify objects, detect crop ripeness or disease, evaluate the weather, and recognize emotions. Color quality has become a priority for the smartphone and camera industry. Color quality assessment (CQA) provides insight into user preference and can be put to use to improve cameras and display pipelines. The memory color of important content like human skin, food, etc. drives perceived color quality. Understanding memory color preference is critical to understanding perceived color quality. In this study, grass, sky, beach sand, green pepper, and skin were used to perform memory color assessment. Observers were asked to adjust patches with four different textures, including computed textures and real image content, according to their memory. The results show that observers adjust the image patch most consistently. In cases where the artificially generated textures closely resembled the real image content, particularly for the sky stimulus, which resembled a flat color patch, participants were able to adjust each sample more consistently to their memory color. To understand the relation between memory color and the color quality preference for camera images, a second experiment was performed. A paired comparison for familiar objects was performed with five different color quality images per object. Two of these five images were rendered from the results of the memory color assessment experiment. Additional images included were the three most preferred color quality images from a rank order CQA. This experiment was performed by naïve observers and a validation experiment was also performed by Munsell Color Science Laboratory observers. The results for color image rendering preference for each memory image content vary. The results show that for most of the colors, people prefer the top three camera color quality images used from the rank order CQA. For grass, however, the color quality preference is highest for one of the memory color assessment results. In this experiment, images rendered to reflect memory color do not match observer preference.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY, USA

Publication date: September 1, 2020

This article was made available online on September 9, 2020 as a Fast Track article with title: "The Effect of Texture on Perceived Memory Color Quality".

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  • The Journal of Imaging Science and Technology (JIST) is dedicated to the advancement of imaging science knowledge, the practical applications of such knowledge, and how imaging science relates to other fields of study. The pages of this journal are open to reports of new theoretical or experimental results, and to comprehensive reviews. Only original manuscripts that have not been previously published, nor currently submitted for publication elsewhere, should be submitted.

    IS&T's JIST-first publication option allows authors wishing to present their work at conferences, but have a journal citation for their paper, to submit a paper to JIST that follows the same rigorous peer-review vetting and publication process as traditional JIST articles, but with the benefit of a condensed time-to-publication time frame and guaranteed conference presentation slot.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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