Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Comparison of Toner Adhesion Theories

Buy Article:

$22.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Recent measurements of toner adhesion have been reported [Dejesus et al., J. Imag. Sci. Technol. 52, 010503 (2008)] in which the ground plane was separated from the charged toner particles by a thin dielectric coating of varying thickness (0.8, 4.5, 9, and 22 μm thick), which is less than and approximately equal to the diameter of the toner particles used in the experiment, 7.1 μm. It is claimed that such data can be understood only in terms of an adhesion theory based on van der Waals adhesion. It is demonstrated in this article that the data are, in fact, consistent with the Proximity Theory of toner adhesion, which is an electrostatic theory of toner adhesion that assumes that there is electrostatic adhesion at every contact point due to the discreteness of charge. Combining this result with a comparison of theories of toner adhesion with data showing the effects on toner adhesion of changing the toner charge-to-mass ratio and the extraparticulate concentration leads to the conclusion that the Proximity Force dominates toner adhesion.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 7026 Calcaterra Dr., San Jose, California 95120

Publication date: January 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Imaging Science and Technology (JIST) is dedicated to the advancement of imaging science knowledge, the practical applications of such knowledge, and how imaging science relates to other fields of study. The pages of this journal are open to reports of new theoretical or experimental results, and to comprehensive reviews. Only original manuscripts that have not been previously published, nor currently submitted for publication elsewhere, should be submitted.

    IS&T's JIST-first publication option allows authors wishing to present their work at conferences, but have a journal citation for their paper, to submit a paper to JIST that follows the same rigorous peer-review vetting and publication process as traditional JIST articles, but with the benefit of a condensed time-to-publication time frame and guaranteed conference presentation slot.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Privacy Policy
  • Information for JIST-First Authors
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more