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A Unified Model of Optical and Physical Dot Gain in Print Color Reproduction

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A unified model coping with both physical and optical dot gains on print color tone reproduction is proposed. The physical dot gain, is approximated by a quadratic function of nominal dot percentages. The function, for each color, is characterized by a single parameter depending on printing technologies as well as ink-paper interactions, and has a symmetric form around where the nominal dot percentage is 50%. The parameter can be derived from the best fit for the model to measured data, such as spectral reflectance values or CIEXYZ tristimulus values. Applications to a color laser printer (on office copy paper) reproduces the experimental dot gain curves fairly well. Dependence on physical dot percentage, a summation of the nominal dot percentage and the corresponding physical dot gain, results in the optical dot gain and in turn the overall dot gain asymmetric forms, plotted against the nominal dot percentages. Furthermore, theoretical analysis reveals fundamental differences between physical and optical dot gains. Therefore, effects of optical dot gain can not be accurately represented by any physical extension in printing practices.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2004

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  • The Journal of Imaging Science and Technology (JIST) is dedicated to the advancement of imaging science knowledge, the practical applications of such knowledge, and how imaging science relates to other fields of study. The pages of this journal are open to reports of new theoretical or experimental results, and to comprehensive reviews. Only original manuscripts that have not been previously published, nor currently submitted for publication elsewhere, should be submitted.

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    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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