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Open Access Real-time accurate rendering of color and texture of car coatings

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The digital representation of three dimensional objects with different materials has become common not only in the games and movie industry, but also in designer software, e-commerce and other applications. Although the rendered images often seem to be realistic, a closer look reveals that their color accuracy is often insufficient for critical applications. Storage of the angledependent color properties of metallic coatings and other gonioapparent materials demands large amounts of data. Apart from that, also rendering sparkle, gloss and other visual texture phenomena is still a subject of active research. Current approaches are computationally very demanding, and require manual ad-hoc setting of many model parameters.

In this paper, we describe a new approach to solve these problems. We combine a multi-spectral physics-based approach to make BRDF representation more efficient. We also account for the common loss in color accuracy due to the varying technical specifications of displays, and we correct for the influence from ambient lighting. The rendering framework presented here is shown to be capable of rendering sparkle and gloss as well, based on objective measurement of these properties. This takes out the subjective phase of manual fine-tuning of model parameters that is characteristic for many current rendering approaches.

A feasibility test with the new spectral rendering pipeline shows that is indeed able to produce realistic rendering of color, sparkle, gloss and other texture aspects. The computation time is small enough to make the rendering real-time on an iPad 2017, i.e. with low memory footprint and without high demands on graphic card or data storage.
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Keywords: Rendering; Texture; color accuracy

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 13, 2019

This article was made available online on January 13, 2019 as a Fast Track article with title: "Real-time accurate rendering of color and texture of car coatings".

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  • For more than 30 years, the Electronic Imaging Symposium has been serving those in the broad community - from academia and industry - who work on imaging science and digital technologies. The breadth of the Symposium covers the entire imaging science ecosystem, from capture (sensors, camera) through image processing (image quality, color and appearance) to how we and our surrogate machines see and interpret images. Applications covered include augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, machine vision, data analysis, digital and mobile photography, security, virtual reality, and human vision. IS&T began sole sponsorship of the meeting in 2016. All papers presented at EIs 20+ conferences are open access.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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