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Open Access SLADS-Net: Supervised Learning Approach for Dynamic Sampling using Deep Neural Networks

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In scanning microscopy based imaging techniques, there is a need to develop novel data acquisition schemes that can reduce the time for data acquisition and minimize sample exposure to the probing radiation. Sparse sampling schemes are ideally suited for such applications where the images can be reconstructed from a sparse set of measurements. In particular, dynamic sparse sampling based on supervised learning has shown promising results for practical applications. However, a particular drawback of such methods is that it requires training image sets with similar information content which may not always be available. In this paper, we introduce a Supervised Learning Approach for Dynamic Sampling (SLADS) algorithm that uses a deep neural network based training approach. We call this algorithm SLADS-Net. We have performed simulated experiments for dynamic sampling using SLADS-Net in which the training images either have similar information content or completely different information content, when compared to the testing images. We compare the performance across various methods for training such as least-squares, support vector regression and deep neural networks. From these results we observe that deep neural network based training results in superior performance when the training and testing images are not similar. We also discuss the development of a pre-trained SLADS-Net that uses generic images for training. Here, the neural network parameters are pre-trained so that users can directly apply SLADS-Net for imaging experiments.

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Keywords: DYNAMIC SAMPLING; MACHINE LEARNING; NEURAL NETWORKS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2018

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  • For more than 30 years, the Electronic Imaging Symposium has been serving those in the broad community - from academia and industry - who work on imaging science and digital technologies. The breadth of the Symposium covers the entire imaging science ecosystem, from capture (sensors, camera) through image processing (image quality, color and appearance) to how we and our surrogate machines see and interpret images. Applications covered include augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, machine vision, data analysis, digital and mobile photography, security, virtual reality, and human vision. IS&T began sole sponsorship of the meeting in 2016. All papers presented at EIs 20+ conferences are open access.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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