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Open Access Transformative cosmopolitan education and Gandhi's relevance today

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The understanding of transformative education in this article is based on the principles and practice of global learning. Globalization is understood as a transformative process creating challenges for society, human beings and education. Global learning, framed within sustainability and justice, is understood as a way of handling the transformative challenges of a world society. It is embedded in processes of European history. In this way, it is possible to see global learning as world societal literacy that goes beyond reading and writing, and to understand it as another level of enlightenment. To do so, I refer to the social, philosophical and educational ideas of M. K. Gandhi, also known as Mahatma ('great soul') (1869–1948), which still create a basis for reformoriented concepts of basic education, literacy and sociopolitical literacy in India today. These are historical concepts concerning transformation of the self and education as a means of handling transformative societies beyond an existing understanding of Western civilization in a systematic way. The concluding concept of transformative cosmopolitan education presents World Nai Talim as a basis for an enlightenment that is equally applicable to both the Global South and North.
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Keywords: COSMOPOLITANISM/WORLD CITIZENSHIP; MAHATMA GANDHI; NAI TALIM; SOCIETAL AND EDUCATIONAL TRANSFORMATION; THEORY OF GLOBAL LEARNING; WORLD SOCIETY

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 June 2018

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  • This internationally refereed journal publishes the outcomes of research and current debates on development education and related concepts such as global learning, global education, and global citizenship. The journal is an academic response to the increased public and educational interest in learning and understanding about the wider world. It offers greater understanding of the reasons for global inequality and how global issues such as poverty affect people's everyday lives. It critically explores international development issues so as to help people develop the practical skills and confidence to make positive changes, both locally and globally. Development education and related areas such as global learning have their roots primarily in the practice of non-governmental organisations. The journal brings to the international academic and research community the richness and importance of this neglected academic area. Its purpose is to help advance theoretical and empirical understanding of development education and global learning through a focus on research and reviewing policy and practice in the field.public and educational interest in learning and understanding about the wider world. It offers greater understanding of the reasons for global inequality and how global issues such as poverty affect people's everyday lives. It critically explores international development issues so as to help people develop the practical skills and confidence to make positive changes, both locally and globally.
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