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A dossier on cultural exception in Peru

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In 2004, political and economic negotiations discussing free trade agreements between the United States and several Latin American countries were rapidly progressing, starting with an agreement with Chile at the beginning of the year. Many film-makers and aficionados throughout the continent expressed sincere concern about local production if industries were not granted certain protections put in place within the General Agreement on Taxes and Tariffs (GATT) concerning audiovisual production in 1994. This particular agreement, propositioned by Canada and France, had been agreed to by all participating nations except the United Statesand Israel. This selection encompasses two short articles by critic and scholar René Weber concerning how the situation would affect local Peruvian production, and a third 'round-table' discussion between critics and industry executives in Peru. The articles were published in the monthly film journal Butaca sanmarquina, a monthly publication from the Cultural Institute of the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos.

Although this debate shows genuine concern for what would happen to the Peruvian industry, articles like this did little to stop policies from occurring. According to the Office of the United States Trade Representative, the United States entered into talks with Peru, Ecuador and Colombia concerning an Andean Free Trade Agreement in May 2004. Peru was the only one of the three countries to sign such an agreement in December 2005; Colombia eventually negotiated a similar agreement in February 2006.
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Keywords: Peru; cultural diversity; cultural exception; national cinema; trade agreements

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: American University

Publication date: November 1, 2012

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