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Free Content Citizenship teachers – Different types, different needs

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This article outlines the diverse nature of Citizenship Education provision in England and identifies some problems arising from such diversity in relation to the initial and continued professional development of pre-service and in-service teachers. It goes on to outline some of the variety of academic background among teachers of Citizenship Education and some of the challenges that arise for both specialist and non-specialist citizenship teachers in addressing divergent and complex modes of subject provision. Differences in school provision, teacher background and attitude(s) to the subject require sensitivity in the construction and delivery of programmes intended to enhance teacher confidence and competence in Citizenship Education. A typology of the ‘8 Cs’ of citizenship teachers is identified and discussed, outlining the range of needs and attitudes among specialist and non-specialist teachers of Citizenship Education, and some recommendations are offered regarding how these can be approached.

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Keywords: different needs; effective teaching; interpretative phenomenological analysis; non-specialists; professional development; teacher typology

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Canterbury Christ Church University

Publication date: December 1, 2013

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  • Citizenship Teaching and Learning is global in scope, exploring issues of social and moral responsibility, community involvement and political literacy. It advances academic and professional understandings within a broad characterisation of education, focussing on a wide range of issues including identity, diversity, equality and social justice within social, moral, political and cultural contexts.
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