Cell-to-Cell Communication: Evidence of Near-Instantaneous Distant, Non-Chemical Communication between Neuronal (Human SK-N-SH Neuroblastoma) Cells by Using a Novel Bioelectric Biosensor
According to an increasing number of reports, nonchemical, distant cellular interactions (NCDCI) may be responsible for a yet underestimated mechanism of cell-to-cell communication and coordinated cellular responses. Based on these and other experiments, an electromagnetic nature of consciousness has been proposed (e.g. conscious electromagnetic information (CEMI) field theory). In the present study, we provide supporting evidence for this theory by applying a novel bioelectric biosensor in order to simultaneously investigate changes of the membrane potential of physically separated human SK-N-SH neuroblastoma cells. We demonstrate the existence of distant communication between neuroblastoma cells. When one of the isolated groups of cells ('inducer') was stimulated with the neurotransmitter dopamine, a synchronized response was observed in the neighbouring but physically separated cell group ('detector'). The range of this phenomenon was decreased with increasing distance. In the absence of a dopamine-induced stimulus, no clear recognizable pattern of synchronized response was observed. The nature of mechanisms underlying the observed distant cellular interactions is discussed in view of the observed coordinated patterns of changes of the cell membrane potential.
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Laboratory of Cell Technology, Faculty of Biotechnology, Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos 75, 11855 Athens, Greece., Email: [email protected]
Publication date: 01 January 2018