Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Open Access Mucoadhesive dexamethasone acetate-polymyxin B sulfate cationic ocular nanoemulsion – novel combinatorial formulation concept

Download Article:
 Download
(PDF 537.4 kb)
 
Dexamethasone acetate (DEX) and polymyxin B sulfate (polymyxin B) were formulated as a cationic nanoemulsion for the treatment of ophthalmic infections. As novel concept, the positive charge to achieve mucoadhesion was not generated by toxicologically and regulatorily problematic cationic lipids or polymers, but by using a positively charged drug in combination with positively charged preservatives. The preservative also acts as co-surfactant to stabilize the emulsion. Nanoemulsions with the lipid phase Eutanol G-Lipoid S 100 (70%:30%) containing 0.05% (w/w) DEX were produced by high pressure homogenization, followed by dissolving the hydrophilic molecules in the water phase, e.g.polymyxin B (0.1%, w/w), cetylpyridinium chloride (0.01%, w/w) and glycerol (2.6%, w/w) to yield a combination product. The particles were below 200 nm with narrow size distribution. The osmolality (374 mOsm/kg), pH (5.31) and viscosity (2.45 mPa s at 37 °C) were compatible to the ocular administration. The zeta potential of the optimized formulation was shifted from approx. +9 mV to -11 mV after mucin incubation. The in vitro test revealed no potential cytotoxicity. The final products were stable after 180 days of storage at 4 °C and room temperature. The developed product is a viable alternative to the commercial ophthalmic suspensions. Moreover, this concept of generating the positive charge by cationic drug and/or preservative addition can be transferred to other ophthalmic products.

31 References.

No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2016

More about this publication?
  • Pharmazie is a leading journal in the field of pharmaceutical sciences. As a peer-reviewed scientific journal, Pharmazie is regularly indexed in the relevant databases like Web of science, Journal Citation Reports and many others. The journal is open for submissions from the whole spectrum of pharnaceutical sciences including Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, Drug Analysis, Pharmaceutics, Pharmaceutical Biology, Clinical Pharmacy etc.
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more