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Open Access Influence of vehicle properties and excipients on hydrolytic and photochemical stability of curcumin in preparations containing Pluronics: Studies of curcumin and curcuminoids XLVIII

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The influence of vehicle properties and excipients on the hydrolytic and photochemical stability of curcumin in Pluronic preparations, and the interactions between curcumin and Pluronics was investigated. Curcumin was found to be degraded by general acid-base catalyzed hydrolytic degradation in alkaline preparations. The degradation rate of curcumin was higher in carbonate buffer than in phosphate buffer (pH 8.8), while it was higher in phosphate buffer than in citrate buffer (pH 7.8). At pH 8.0–8.8 the degradation rate of curcumin increased compared to preparations with pH < 8.0. The stabilizing effect of the Pluronics against hydrolytic degradation of curcumin was only detectable at pH 8.0–8.8, and it was highest for F127 and lowest for P85, in phosphate buffer pH 8.8. An increase in the ionic strength increased the stabilization against hydrolytic degradation of curcumin by all Pluronics. Addition of ethanol decreased the hydrolytic stability of curcumin in all Pluronics. Addition of PEG 400 decreased the hydrolytic stability in preparation with either P123 or F127 while the degradation in preparations with P85 remained the same as in P85 preparations without PEG 400. Vehicle properties and excipients did not to any large degree influence the spectroscopic properties or the photostability of curcumin in Pluronic preparations. Photochemical half life of curcumin was in the minutes range. Spectrophotometric data indicate that Pluronic aggregates most likely solubilize curcumin through hydrophobic interactions, although hydrogen-bonding may also be involved.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2013

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