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Open Access Effect of p-amino-diphenyl ethers on hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450

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The present paper aims to investigate whether p-amino-2′,4′-dichlorodiphenyl ether and p-amino-4′-methyldiphenyl ether are inhibitors as well as inducers of P450. Mice were given daily intraperitoneal (ip) injections of p-amino-2′,4′-dichlorodiphenyl ether (0.25 mmol/kg) or p-amino-4′-methyldiphenyl ether (0.25 mmol/kg) for 4 days and tested at 24 h and 48 h after the last dose injection. The results showed the mice pentobarbital sleeping time was shorter and the P450 content of hepatic microsome increased significantly in the group pretreated with p-amino-4′-methyldiphenyl ether when compared with the control group, while in mice pretreated with p-amino-2′,4′-dichlorodiphenyl ether the hepatic microsome P450 content increased but the pentobarbital sleeping time was extended in clear contrast to the control group. The sleeping time of the phenobarbital group (80 mg/kg daily ip injection for 4 days) was shortened at 24 h after the last injection with increased P450 content of hepatic microsome, but it showed no difference at 48 h. The zoxazolamine-paralysis times of mice treated with p-amino-2′,4′-dichlorodiphenyl ether were longer than those of the control mice, while the same dose of zoxazolamine did not lead to paralysis in mice pretreated with BNF. p-amino-2′,4′-dichlorodiphenyl ether and p-amino-4′-methyldiphenyl ether inhibited the activity of 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase from rat hepatic microsome induced by BNF in vitro by 70.0% and 50.1% respectively. These results suggest that p-amino-2′,4′-dichlorodiphenyl ether and p-amino-4′-methyldiphenyl ether are inhibitors as well as inducers of P450.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, 353 Yan'an Road, Hangzhou Zhejiang, 310031, China, Email: [email protected] 2: Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou Zhejiang, China

Publication date: September 1, 2003

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  • Pharmazie is a leading journal in the field of pharmaceutical sciences. As a peer-reviewed scientific journal, Pharmazie is regularly indexed in the relevant databases like Web of science, Journal Citation Reports and many others. The journal is open for submissions from the whole spectrum of pharnaceutical sciences including Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, Drug Analysis, Pharmaceutics, Pharmaceutical Biology, Clinical Pharmacy etc.
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