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Better urban air quality and the Clean Development Mechanism: Bringing together local and global interests

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Climate change and urban air pollution are two of the most outstanding environmental problems of this century. To a large extent, combustion of fossil fuel is the primary source of both greenhouse gases and air pollutants. Therefore, there are opportunities for synergies in policy-making to combat these environmental issues while adequately taking into account the differences between them.

Urban air pollution is caused by emissions from local or regional sources, and its impacts are felt in the short term. Impacts of climate change will be seen only on long timescales (the second half of this century and beyond) and greenhouse gases (GHGs) mix throughout the overall atmosphere. Global reduction of GHGs in the short to medium term is therefore required to mitigate climate change (IPCC 2007). The cost and benefits of air pollution reduction accrue to a large extent to the same actors, while the situation is radically different for climate change mitigation and impacts. Thus, air pollution reduction is a policy priority for mega-cities in developing countries, while climate change mitigation is generally not.
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Keywords: air; better; bringing; clean; development; global; interests; local; mechanism; quality; together; urban

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 13, 2009

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