Editorial: Access and Application: Addressing the Two Major Problems in Current Business and Peace Research
The Developing Field of business and peace has largely focused on three research streams: theory, quantitative analyses of perceptions, and qualitative analyses of company actions grounded in other fields such as political science. The theoretical literature has sought to craft theories of change related to private sector enhancement of peace and to properly categorize the types of activities that might, based on prevailing theories in fields such as economics, political science, management, and psychology, help to enhance peace (Forrer and Katsos, 2015; Westermann-Behaylo et al.,2015). This theoretical literature is the core of the business and peace “field”, in that scholars are engaging with and building upon one another’s work. The quantitative literature thus far has largely sought to ascertain the perceptions of managers—primarily at multinational enterprises (MNEs)—operating in conflict and buffer states (Darendeli and Hill, 2015; Oetzel and Getz, 2012). The qualitative literature is often expansive, focusing on unique cases of private sector actors in conflict zones (Katsos and Forrer, 2014; Guaqueta, 2008). It is rarely rooted in or even aware of business and peace theory. Rather, it often is derived from other disciplines with a tangential link to business and peace.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 2016
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Business, Peace and Sustainable Development (BPSD) aims at understanding the role of the business sector in enhancing peace and reducing violence, and contributing to sustainable development. On the other hand, it is also aimed at understanding the importance of peace to the economy and markets. While some research has been published on business and peace and peace through commerce, BPSD is the first journal dedicated to mutual contribution of business and peace.
Peace is the absence of violence, but it also incorporates social justice, human rights, stability and sustainable development. Peace is essential to address the global challenges facing humanity today. Without peace we will be unable to achieve the levels of cooperation, inclusiveness and social equity necessary to solve problems such as climate change, global poverty and the health crisis. It is acknowledged that most businesses and industries need a peaceful market to operate and assure a smooth supply chain. As such, the relationship between business and peace is an on-going and mutual one, and needs to be further developed and investigated.
Corporate Peace is defined as the incorporation of peace and reduction of violence into a company's strategy, decision-making and the value chain in order to raise awareness to peace, support and enhance it. Corporate Peace is an umbrella concept that contains business, social and strategic dimensions.
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