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Cristannus of Prachatice and his Latin Herbarium. The state of research on the oldest herbarium of mediaeval Bohemia Christian von Prachatitz und sein lateinischer Herbarius: Zum Forschungsstand des ältesten Kräuterbuchs aus dem mittelalterlichen Böhmen

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The paper summarizes the most recent findings about the Herbarium by Prague Master Cristannus of Prachatice († 1439), which is only available in manuscripts and has not been published yet. It brings the current list of all manuscripts known today, mentions chief sources for the Herbarium (Pseudo-Serapion's 'Liber Aggregatoris in simplici medicina' and 'Circa instans'), thoroughly describes the similar features and differences between both extant redactions and proposes their origin and possible Cristannus' authorship of them. The next part of the paper focuses on the so-called second life of this Herbarium – its use in two Old Bohemian herbaria which, as a whole, used to be wrongfully attributed to Cristannus of Prachatice. The author points out another very significant source for both Old Bohemian texts – herbarium with inc. "galganum vel galgana", known as 'Galgant spice tract' (so-called 'Galgant-Gewürz-Traktat') and in some mediaeval manuscripts said to be a part of 'Melleus liquor' collection. At the final part of the paper, the author focuses on the herbarium published as a part of the fourth and fifth edition of the so-called Medical books by Master Cristannus of Prachatice in the second half of the 16th century. She proves that this text is based on the socalled Galgant-Gewürz-Traktat and has no relation to Cristannus of Prachatice.
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Keywords: CHRISTIAN OF PRACHATICE; MEDIAEVAL HERBARIA; MEDIAEVAL MANUSCRIPTS; MEDIAEVAL MEDICINE

Language: German

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2017

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  • Sudhoffs Archiv was founded in 1907 as Archiv für Geschichte der Medizin ("Archive for the History of Medicine"). It now has the longest unbroken publication history of any journal for the history of science anywhere in the world. Sudhoffs Archiv is committed to a strict historiographical perspective and dedicated to the source-based analysis of the history of the natural sciences, mathematics and medicine. Sources may be primarily textual, object-based or oral transmissions suitable for elucidating questions of the history of science. The journal is international in approach and is not confined to a specific period or discipline. It publishes articles in German, English and French. Articles are selected for publication by peer review
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