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An Omitted Intellectual Tradition: The Chaianov School on Collective Farming

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The Chaianov school's intellectual legacy is usually associated with the study of the peasant economy and its cooperative development. Chaianov's so-called "neopopulist ideology" of the development of small-sized family farming is accordingly seen in juxtaposition with the Marxist vision of large-scale collective farming. However, this interpretation misses the original and valuable contribution to the study of collective and large-scale farming made by the members of this school. This article provides a new view on the intellectual heritage of Chaianov and his colleagues by analysing how their writings conceptualized collective farming between 1913 and the mid-1960s. It will argue that the Chaianov school made a profound contribution to the study of both peasant and kolkhoz farming. Therefore, it is necessary to re-evaluate the intellectual legacy of this school.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2017

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  • The Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas ("East European History") present the discipline in its entire breadth; for thematically focused articles the emphasis lies on the territory of the former Russian Empire and the former Soviet Union. A double-blind review process with international experts ensures adherence to the annals' recognized high quality standards. An extensive section devoted to reviews informs the reader about current trends in German and international research. In addition, the editorial board publishes an electronic review supplement under the title jgo.e-reviews at
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