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Zur Integration der Periöken in die elische Bürgerschaft: Der Synoikismos von 471 v. Chr.

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In classical times, inhabitants of perioicic towns that were subjected by the polis Elis were called "Eleians". In this paper I will argue that this designation referred to people who shared partial Elian citizenship. Before the background of Elis's loss of territory in 364 and the accompanying decrease in the number of Elian phylai, it is safe to assume that perioecic regions hosted territorial Elian phylai prior to their liberation. Since the possession of Eleian citizenship required the membership in a phyle, Elis seems to have granted some kind of citizen-right to their assimilated perioeci. The aim of this paper is to identify this act of integration with the reported but thus far unexplained event of 471 which went down in history as 'synoecism of Elis'. Arguably, this political enfranchisement is not to be understood as a mere relocation of local communities but rather as a purely political fusion.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2019

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  • Historia, first published in 1952 by Karl Friedrich Stroheker and Gerold Walser is an international, peer-reviewed journal on Greek and Roman antiquity. Articles are in English, German, French and Italian. It features original articles on Greek history, the Roman Republic and Empire as well as late antiquity. It covers all aspects of political, economic, religious and social life and deals with legal, archaeological, numismatic and epigraphical questions.
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