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The “Christianisation” of Hermanubis

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One of the most traditional religions that Christianity confronted in Late Antiquity was the Ancient Egyptian. Christianity had reached Egypt as early as the first century and had developed considerably by the IV century. The new religion brought a new ideology and its acceptance by the local population, and the inhabitants of the Hellenistic and the Roman worlds worked on different levels. This paper is dealing with the possible 'christianisation' of the cult of Hermanubis (the dog-headed mediator between the two worlds and the escort of the souls in the afterlife), a Graeco-Egyptian deity that was perhaps one of the ancestors of the dog-headed Saint Christopher, who had been worshiped especially within the Orthodox Church.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2013

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  • Historia, first published in 1952 by Karl Friedrich Stroheker and Gerold Walser is an international, peer-reviewed journal on Greek and Roman antiquity. Articles are in English, German, French and Italian. It features original articles on Greek history, the Roman Republic and Empire as well as late antiquity. It covers all aspects of political, economic, religious and social life and deals with legal, archaeological, numismatic and epigraphical questions.
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