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Science and Technology at the center of development geography Science and Technology Studies meets development geographies Wissenschaft und Technologie im Zentrum der Geographischen Entwicklungsforschung

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Enlightenment notions of science and technology have been crucial to imperial and colonial endeavors. They have come to stand for modernization and progress in a Eurocentric development agenda; later on, they have turned into the central objects of post-development and post-colonial critiques. While post-development approaches tend to romanticize indigenous and local knowledges, some of the most recent development initiatives return to a glorify (global) science and technology as the solution for development. This paper critically engages with these narratives about science and technology and introduces (postcolonial) science and technology studies (STS) as a perspective that challenges such binary ways of dealing with science and technology in development contexts. By doing so it contributes to recent debates about the role of science and technology for development and gives new inspiration for a theoretically inclined development geography.

German
Wissenschaft und Technologie waren zentrale Bestandteile kolonialer und imperialer Politiken. Sie waren Platzhalter für Modernisierung und Fortschritt innerhalb eurozentristischer Entwicklungsprogramme. Später wurden sie zur Zielscheibe der Kritik von post-development und postkolonialen Ansätzen. Während diese dazu neigten, indigenes und lokales Wissen zu romantisieren, glorifizieren aktuelle Entwicklungsinitiativen neue, globale Technologien und wissenschaftliche Experimente als die Lösung für Entwicklungsprobleme. Dieser Artikel geht diesen unterschiedlichen Bedeutungszuschreibungen von Wissenschaft und Technologie im entwicklungspolitischen Kontext nach. Er stellt (postkoloniale) Science and Technology Studies (STS) als eine Perspektive vor, die es ermöglicht, den Entwicklungsapparat kritisch zu hinterfragen, indem gezielt die Rolle von Wissenschaft und Technologie in der (Re-)Produktion von Logiken und Praktiken der Entwicklung(szusammenarbeit) beleuchtet werden. Postkoloniale STS können einen neuen Impuls für eine theoretisch inspirierte Entwicklungsgeographie jenseits bisher dominanter, binärer Sichtweisen sowohl von Technologie als auch von Entwicklung geben.
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Keywords: DEVELOPMENT GEOGRAPHIES; POSTCOLONIAL THEORY; SCIENCE; SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY STUDIES; TECHNOLOGY

Language: German

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2017

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  • Since its beginning in 1895, the Geographische Zeitschrift has been one of the leading journals in its field. To this day, its mission is to be the voice of both theory-based empirical research and the theoretical and methodological debate in human geography. As an internationally respected professional journal, it is committed to the highest standards. The originality, high quality and topicality of its articles are guaranteed by international expert referees. By transcending traditional subject boundaries, the Geographische Zeitschrift makes a decisive contribution to the continuing evolution of human geography. It prints German- and English-language articles.
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